Team Handball Study Guide
HANDBALL, widely known as Team Handball in the United States, is played in 159 nations by 39 million people. It became an Olympic sport in 1972. It is growing quickly and is ripe for an invasion in America. Many people link elements of basketball, soccer and lacrosse to the sport. It is fast, physical and exciting.
Two teams, composed of six players and one goalie each, face off on a court approximately 66 by 131 feet. Players dribble, pass and shoot a ball into a goal. Men’s and women’s handballs are about 22-23 inches and 21-22 inches in circumference, respectively; easily gripped in one hand, it is built comparably to a soccer ball. Although about 40 feet longer than a basketball court, a handball court is similar in appearance: half circles on both ends of the court mark the “goal area,” a zone that extends about 20 feet in front of the 6’7″ tall and 10′ wide goal. The 12 court players are not allowed to literally step foot in this area, which results in NBA-style leaps over the line to shoot while in the air. Successful scoring attempts result in a single point. Defensive play is fierce, however, and allows aggressive person-to-person full body contact to prevent the offense from shooting.
Final scores in this action-packed game are often in the 30s. A regulation game is played in two 30-minute halves with one team timeout per half. The clock stops only for team timeouts, injuries and at the referee’s discretion.
FOLLOW THIS LINK BELOW TO WATCH! USA Team Handball Introductory Video-
Basic Rules-Number of Players: There are seven players on each team (six court players and one goalie). A maximum of 12 players may dress and participate in a game for each team. Substitutes may enter the game at any time through own substitution area as long as the player they are replacing has left the court.
Uniform of the Players: Player numbers are 1 to 20. Uniform shirts and shorts are the same color. The goalkeeper must wear a different color shirt from teammates and opponents. No jewelry is allowed.
Referees: There are two referees, a court referee and a goal line referee. Referees have complete authority: Their decisions are final; just like Mr. Hough. The referees are assisted by a timer and a scorer.
Duration of the Game: For players 18 years and over, the game consists of 2, 30-minute halves with 10-minute half-time. For tournament and youth games 2, 15-minute or 2, 20- minute halves. This is running time except for injury or one team time-out per half. The teams change benches at half-time. The game ends in a tie unless the game demands a winner. (Tournament rules dictate that a winner must be determined.) Overtime consists of 2, 5-minute periods).
Passive Play: It is illegal to keep the ball in a team’s possession without making a recognizable attempt to attack and to try to score. In other words, a team cannot stall (free-throw awarded to the other team).
Throw-Off: A throw-off is taken by the team that wins the coin toss and chooses to start the game with the ball. Each team must be in its own half of the court with the defense 3 meters away from the ball. Following a whistle, the ball is passed from center court to a teammate and play begins. Throw-off is repeated after every goal scored and after half-time.
Scoring: A goal is scored when the entire ball crosses the goal line inside the goal. A goal may be scored from any throw (free-throw, throw-in, throw-off, and goal-throw).
Playing the Ball
A player is allowed…..
To run with the ball for 3 steps
To hold the ball for 3 seconds
Unlimited dribble with 3 steps allowed before and after dribbling (no double-dribble).
A player is NOT allowed . . .
• To endanger an opponent with the ball.
• To pull, hit or punch the ball out of the hands of an opponent.
• To contact the ball below the knee.
• To dive on the floor for a rolling or stationary ball.
Defending the Opponent: A player is allowed to use the torso of the body to obstruct an opponent with or without the ball. However, using the outstretched arms or legs to obstruct, push, hold, trip or hit is NOT allowed. The attacking player is not allowed to charge into a defensive player.
Throw-In: A throw-in is awarded when ball goes out of bounds on the sideline or when the ball is last touched by a defensive player (excluding the goalie) and goes out of bounds over the end line. The throw-in is taken from the spot where the ball crossed the sideline, or if it crossed the end line, from the nearest corner. The thrower must place one foot on the sideline to execute the throw. All opposing players must stay 3 meters away from the ball.
Referee Throw: A referee throw is awarded when . . . The ball touches anything above the court after a simultaneous infringement of the rules after simultaneous possession of the ball.
The Referee throws the ball vertically between two opposing players. The jumping players may grab the ball or tap it to a teammate. All other players must be 3 meters away from the throw. The referee throw is always taken at center court.
Free-Throw: For a minor foul or violation, a free-throw is awarded to the opponent at the exact spot it took place. If the foul or violation occurs between the goal area line and the 9-meter line, the throw is taken from the nearest post outside the 9-meter line. The thrower must keep one foot in contact with the floor, then pass or shoot.
7-Meter Throw: The 7-meter throw is awarded when . . .
• A foul destroys a clear chance to score
• The goalie carries the ball back into his or her own goal area
• A court player intentionally plays the ball to his or her own goalie in the goal area and the goalie touches the ball
• A defensive player enters his or her goal area to gain an advantage over an attacking player in possession of the ball.
All players must be outside the free-throw line when the throw is taken. The player taking the throw has 3 seconds to shoot after referee’s whistle. Any player may take the 7-meter throw.
Goal-Throw: A goal-throw is awarded when . . . The ball rebounds off the goalkeeper over the end line. The ball is thrown over the end line by the attacking team.
The goalie takes the throw inside the goal area and is not restricted by the 3-step/3-second rule.
Progressive Punishments: Pertain to fouls that require more punishment than just a free-throw. “Actions” directed mainly at the opponent and not the ball (such as reaching around, holding, pushing, hitting, tripping and jumping into an opponent) are to be punished progressively.
Warnings (yellow card): The referee gives only one warning to a player for rule violations and a total of three to a team. Exceeding these limits results in 2-minute suspensions thereafter. Warnings are not required prior to giving out a 2-minute suspension. 2-minute suspensions awarded for . . . -Serious or repeated rules violations -Unsportsmanlike conduct -Illegal substitution. -The suspended player’s team plays short for 2 minutes.
Disqualification and Exclusion (red card): A disqualification is the equivalent of three, 2-minute suspensions. A disqualified player must leave court and bench, but the team can replace player after the 2-minute suspension expires. Exclusion is given for assault. The excluded player’s team continues short one player for the rest of the game.
Modifications(Caldwell’s P.E. class)
*Jump ball at center court to start the game
*Scoring-must catch the ball behind the goal line to score a point(we use no goalies)
*Defense/Offense-man to man defense at all times(no zone defense), all students play both offense and defense to maximize cardio benefits. No “cherry picking”
*If you have the ball in your hand you may take 3 steps, 3 dribbles, then 3 steps again with the ball or 3 dribbles, then 3 steps.
*When stationary you may hold the ball for 5 seconds
*No stripping the ball out of a players hands unless they are dribbling
*Turnovers include-holding ball longer than 5 seconds, intercepting the ball, running out of bounds with the ball, defensive team knocking down a pass, taking to many steps or dribbles, throwing ball out of bounds.
Rule of the day- every day I change things up. Example- on Monday all players must touch the ball at least one time before you score, Tuesday all the girls must touch the ball at least once before you score, Wednesday at least 4 players must touch the ball before you score, Thursday no dribbling aloud only passing, and on Friday you may score with only one pass.
History of Team Handball
Team handball is very popular in much of the world, but little known in North America. Its very name is confusing even to an American who knows quite a bit about sports.
The modern game actually grew out of three sports that were developed, independently, in three different European countries: The Czech hazena , the Danish handbold , and theGerman Torball .
All three were based on soccer, but essentially replaced the foot with the hand, so that the ball could be advanced by batting or throwing, rather than by kicking.
Hazena was being played by Slovak peoples as early as 1892; its rules were first codified in 1906, by a college professor. Handbold (the Danish word for handball) was developed in 1898 by a teacher, Holger Nielsen, as an alternative to soccer. In 1906, Nielsen revised the rules considerably and began organizing competitions outside the school at which he taught. Similarly, Torball was created in 1915 by a German gymnastics teacher, Max Heiden.
Professor Carl Schelenz of the Berlin Physical Education School in 1919 combined elements of handbold and Torball and adapted the soccer playing field for a new sport, which hecalled handball (actually translating the Danish into German). Schelenz also borrowed from basketball, which was just becoming popular in Germany, to allow dribbling as a means of advancing the ball.
By 1925, the game had become fairly popular in other European countries. The International Amateur Handball Federation (IAHF) was established in 1928; handball was a demonstration sport at the Olympics that year and again in 1932.
That form of handball, designed to be played outdoors by teams of eleven players, was a full-fledged Olympic sport at the 1936 Munich Games. The United States finished sixth and last in the competition.
Meanwhile, a different, indoor version of handball was being developed in the Scandinaviancountries. Based largely on Danish handbold , this version had only seven on a side and was played in a considerably smaller area. The IAHF held the first seven-a-side world championships in 1938. It was also used as a way for soccer players to train during the winter.
After World War II, the seven-player game gradually took over from the eleven-player version in Europe and also spread to other continents. World championship play, which had been ended by the war, began again in 1954 and handball was restored to the Olympic program in 1972. Competition for women’s teams began in 1976.
When handball was introduced to the United States, about 1930, the name was already being used for the court game that was very popular in YMCAs across the country, so thenew import was called “field handball,” eventually shortened to “fieldball,” and it was at first played primarily by girls and women. The seven-player version, however, became known as team handball in the United States.
Although it has never achieved great popularity, it was adopted by the U. S. Army as a camp sport in many areas of the country. Many Boys’ and Girls’ Clubs also took it up, followed by Explorer Scouts and even some high schools and colleges. The U. S. Team Handball Federation was founded in 1959 to standardize rules and sanction competition.
Now, handball is played in roughly 150 countries, with 8 million players registered worldwide. The South Korean women won gold medals in 1988 and 1992. Yet, the game’s heartland remains Europe, where Olympic handball stars like Czechoslovakia’s Jiri Vicha, Romania’s Gheorghe Gruia and the Soviet Union’s Zinaida Turchina became some of sport’s biggest names. In Sydney, the Olympic champions were Denmark for the women, and Russia for the men. The United States has a national team that frequently travels throughout the world for international competition including the World Championships, Pan American Games, and the Olympics. Some high schools and middle schools have organized team handball intramurals and club teams who compete in Junior Olympic or state tournaments.